This chapter focuses on the production of 5-head cute girl scaled figures. There are two choices for creating scaled figures: 5-head cute figures or 7-head beautiful scaled figures. Here, Japanese middle school students are used as an example to create cute scaled figures with a lovely appearance and school uniforms in Japanese style. The difficulty lies in creating the folds of the skirt and shirt, with the key to creating the effect of the floating skirt.
Materials & Tools
Face mold, large scissors, small scissors, curved scissors, knitting needle, eye-opening knife, pleating tool, pressing plate, double-sided round mold, blade, short blade, needle hole pressing round tool, indentation knife, round cutting tool, rolling pin, egg-shaped helper and ball stick.
Pigments, brushes, eyeshadows, brushes, pencils, pointed cotton swabs, erasers, and memo pads.
Clay & Color Mixing
White, blue, red, flesh tone, black, yellow, and brown clay;
dark grey clay made by mixing white, black, and brown clay;
dark blue clay made by mixing blue and red clay.
Making the Main Part
Making the Face
1. Take an appropriate amount of skin clay and shape it into a cone with a pointed bottom and a rounded top. Align the pointed end with the nose and press the clay into the face mold. Once it is set, remove any excess clay by trimming it away.
2. Use an Sculpting Tool to adjust the lip line, then use the rounded end of a detail needle to press and push up to adjust the corner of the mouth.
1. Take white clay and roll it into a long, thin shape with one end pointed and the other end rounded. Then bend the pointed end at a 90-degree angle and shape it into the form of a foot. Make sure the sole of the foot is flat and the top of the foot has a curved shape.
2. Flip the leg over to the back and support it with your palms. Use your thumb to gently press down and push up on the ankle to adjust its size. Then use your thumb and index finger to gently rotate and move the clay upward, adjusting the shape of the calf.
3. Turn the leg onto its back and use the side of your thumb to press down on the back of the knee to adjust the curvature of the knee. In the same way, use the thumb and forefinger to turn to adjust the shape of the thigh, and then use a detail needle to press out the shape of the kneecap on both sides of the knee.
4. The leg length of a 5-head is roughly 2.5 head lengths, compare the lengths and then cut a diagonal from the inside of the thigh outwards.
5. Use a detail needle to press out the shape of the ankle bone.
6. Use the creasing tool to create creases at the ankle. Adjust the angle of the tool when creating the creases to achieve a gradual variation in thickness and depth, creating the effect of a girl wearing white knee-high socks.
Making a Waist Spanner
1. First, thread a copper wire from the heel upwards and secure the two legs. Then, use pliers to trim off any excess wire.
2. Form a white clay into a pentagon shape, attach it to the leg and adjust it into the shape of a waist and hip using fingers and tools.
3. Use a pleating tool to create a crease in the middle of the buttocks, then use your fingers to smooth it out. The length of this waist and hip structure is about 0.5 head length, with the lower back curving inward and a slight protrusion in the lower abdomen.
1. Take a piece of skin clay and mold it into a cone shape, then use your finger to pinch a cylindrical shape out of the center of the round end, and adjust the size and position as needed.
2. Flatten the torso in the center of the palm, pinch out a sharper corner with the thumb and forefinger at the shoulder position, and adjust the curvature of the waist.
3. The length of the trunk is about one head and body, cut off the excess clay, and then use a detail needle to press out the collarbone.
Reference data for 5-head proportion:
– Head length: 1 unit
– Torso length: 1 unit
– Waist and hip length: 0.5 unit
– Leg length: 2.5 units
Making a Skirt
1. Take deep blue clay and roll it out into a thin sheet. Use a double-sided circular cutter to cut out a circular shape, then place it in the center of the legs. Adjust the number and position of the skirt folds.
2. The hem of the skirt flutters to one side, adjust the curve of the hem fluttering with the pleat tool.
3. Using the pleating tool, add small fabric wrinkles around the waist, attach the torso and check if the skirt fits, then make further adjustments if necessary.
1. Roll out a thin sheet of white clay and fold some creases at the lower end. Flatten the tip and cut it into the desired shape. Stick the sheet onto the body from the waist to the neck and use a blade to cut out the neckline curve and trim the sides evenly.
2. Place a thin sheet of white clay over the front side of the torso, squeeze the bodice folds in one direction with a tool, and cut away the excess clay after comparing the position of the costume.
3. Cut out pieces of white clay sheet with one side concave inward and the other side in a straight rounded shape and press out a straight line, than fold it over. Cut a beveled corner out of the wide head side and cut half the length around the neck.
4. Use the same method as Step 3 to make the other half of the collar, and stick it to the collar of the shirt. Prepare a long strip to stick on the shirt front, and be careful to create the undulation of the garment with your fingers or tools at the pleats.
5. Use a pinhole crimping tool to crimp the shape of the button.
6. Roll out a thin slice of dark blue clay and use a razor blade to cut out the shape shown in the picture.
7. Impress with detail needle.
8. Adjust the curve of the ribbon by hand.
9. Using the same method as steps 32 to 34, cut the two shapes shown in the picture, and then use a detail needle to trace along the lines.
10. Fold it in half and glue the two pointed ends together.
11. Assemble a butterfly shape with a rectangular clay slab and two triangular clay slabs, trimming off any excess clay.
12. Mount the torso first, then prepare a long strip of clay just wide enough to cover the waist, place it around the waist, adjust the edges and press the folds at the waist.
13. Take a rectangular strip of clay with the same width, loop it over your shoulder from the waist belt in front of you, and wrap it around to the back waist belt. Trim off any excess clay.
14. Add a long strip of clay behind, pick the strap with a tool to create a gap between it and the shirt, and then attach the bowtie to the collar.
15. Direction of the skirt hemline.
Viewing the hemline from the front: The wind blew in from the right side, causing the skirt to flutter from right to left. The right side of the skirt wrapped around the hips, while the left side flowed freely.
Viewing the hem of the skirt from the backside: The wind is blowing from the left, making the right side of the skirt flutter.
1. First, knead two long strips of the same size, then flatten them with a pressing plate, and trim both ends to be smooth.
2. Cover the thin slice on the back of the foot, and trim off the excess clay at the toe.
3. Prepare a thin strip and wrap it around the shoe upper from the middle position on one side of the foot to the middle of the other side, then cut off the excess clay.
4. Wrap a thin slice around the heel and trim off any excess clay.
5. Prepare two thin slices that are as wide as your feet and about two-thirds the length of your foot. Stick the slices to the front of the soles of your feet and trim away any excess clay.
6. Prepare a square sheet with a length and width greater than the heel. It should be slightly thick and stick it onto the heel, then trim off the excess clay.
7. Prepare a thin strip of clay to stick on the seam between the shoe upper and the heel, starting and ending at the back of the shoe. This will make the shoe stitching line neat.
8. Prepare a thin strip of the same width as the heel of the shoe to stick onto the back of the heel, and use a tool to adjust the thin strip that was just attached.
9. Prepare a slightly wider film and apply it to the tongue of the shoe. Make the other shoe in the same way.
Tips: Key Points in the Production of Student Shoes:
1. When making shoes, it is important to produce them in sections. Start with the shoe front, then move onto the side, sole, and fastenings.
2. The seam on the side of the shoe is glued in two sections for the side of the shoe. The sole is divided into the forefoot and heel, and also glued in two sections.
Making Hands & Arms
1. Take skin clay and roll it into a circular shape. Flatten one end and cut out a thumb shape. Then, flatten the other four fingers.
2. Cut out four fingers and adjust the finger joints with a stick pin to get the finger length right.
3. Press finger gently and bend it, then adjust it slightly.
4. Dip a brush in some red eyeshadow and apply it to the knuckles of fingers.
1. Roll white clay into a cylindrical shape and adjust the shape of the round ends. Use a detail needle to press out the pleats of the puff sleeves on the cuffs.
2. Press the cuff inward with a round-tipped stick or pencil, then use the tip of a detail needle to adjust the pleats of the cuff. Wrap the bodice pleats on the lower arm from the elbow outward.
3. Use a circle cutting tool to remove excess clay from the sleeve cuff, then prepare a white strip of clay to wrap around the cuff.
4. Attach the arms to the torso, add some folds on the sleeves, and then put on the book and hands.
1. First, use a pencil to sketch the outline of facial features.
2. Use a small brush dipped in reddish-brown pigment to sketch the outline.
3. Cover the sclera with white paint.
4. Use gray paint to draw the contour of the shadow on the eyeball.
5. Use a yellow base color to paint the eyeballs flat.
6. Apply dark reddish-brown color to the pupils and the projection.
7. Outline the edge of the eyeball and draw a semi-circle at the bottom of the black iris using a color mixed with white and water.
8. Use black paint to outline the eyeliner and eyelashes, and draw a semicircle at the bottom of the eyeball with white paint.
9. Dip the pointed cotton swab in red eyeshadow and apply it to the lips. Then, apply blush and a tear mole.
10. Dip a brush into red eyeshadow and apply it as blush on the cheeks.
11. Draw highlights on the eyeballs with white color.
12. Profile view of the face.
1. Roll deep gray clay into a ball, then press a hollow in the middle of the ball with a rolling pin, making a hollow half-circle. Cover the face in the half-circle.
2. Knead a skin colored teardrop shaped clay, then flatten it, cut it in half and press down on the center area. The ears are then made.
3. Place the ears to the left and right sides of the eyes and press the inside with a tool.
4. To make the hair pieces at the back of the head, first roll the dark gray clay into thin sheets with thick centers, then cut them into the shape of the bending strands of hair.
5. Start sticking the hair pieces from behind the ear.
6. Surround the root of the back of the head with a circle of hair pieces.
7. Pay attention to the thickness and direction of hair pieces, make sure the hair flows in the same direction as the skirt.
8. The second layer of hair should be much longer than the first layer, measuring the length from the top of the head to the end of the first layer of hair. Roll out the dark gray clay into a thin sheet, thicker in the middle and thinner around the edges. Then, according to the grouping of the hair, create indentations and cut out the strands
9. Starting from the top, stick the second layer of hair pieces. Prepare the hair pieces for the floating hair strands and stick them next to the already attached hair pieces, being careful to adjust the direction of the floating hair strands as needed.
10. Prepare another triangular sheet and stick it at the ponytail. Use a scoring knife to press towards the center of the sheet in the direction of the hair strands, making sure to gather the hair towards one point.
11. First, attach the hair piece under the ponytail, and then adjust the shape of the hair piece according to the gap, adjusting the curvature and direction of the hair strands.
12. The hair clip at the temple should be thin and small, and be aligned with the hairline.
13. Keep applying the clay hair pieces, which start at the top of the head.
14. When finishing with hair pieces that float behind, pay attention to adjusting the direction of the hair piece and the overall shape of the contour.
15. The hair pieces on both sides of the temple should be thin and small, starting from the back of the ear.
16. Make a bangs by placing dark gray clay on an egg-shaped tool, create a curve and then press down to create grooves. Cut out the hair strands according to the grooves.
17. Sticking bangs on one by one.
18. First, use a slightly larger hairpiece to stick in the gap.
19. Then use small hairpins to fill in the gaps, and use large hairpins to twist the hair from the back towards the sideburns, making the hair look fuller and voluminous.(Tips: Pay attention to adjusting the hair pieces on both sides of the head to make it appear rounded and smooth.)
20. After attaching the bangs, stick the hairpiece in the gap between the bangs and the back of the head to make the top of the hair fuller.
21. Add some thin and long strands of hair to the bangs to create layers, and then cut some wavy, wispy hair and stick it at the hairline.
22. Prepare a thin sheet that is narrow at both ends and wide in the middle, align the two ends and pinch tightly. Then add a small set of hairpins and thin strands of hair, and secure the hair bun to the ponytail.
Making Hair Accessories
1. Roll out a thin blue clay sheet and cut out two triangles and a long strip. Create a textured surface by pressing in grooves and bumps. Attach the two triangles underneath the ponytail and wrap the long strip of clay around the ponytail to form a circle.
2. Take white clay and roll it into the shape of a water drop. Use the round end of a detail needle to press it into a spoon shape, and one petal will be created. After arranging the petals, place a yellow circle of clay in the center and press it together with the petals using a round stick. Finally, place the white flower on a string and press it lightly with a rolling pin.
3. Take dark blue clay, knead it into a ball and then flatten it.
4. Press the dark blue flattened clay onto the egg-shaped support, then pinch up the round edges.
5. Smooth the inner edge by pinching it neatly.
6. Wearing the hat on her head, the cute student girl is ready for production.